As regards social cohesion:
Peripheries built in large, high-density European states, in the early post war period(van Kempen et al 2005). They have social and physical problems. But… Are they really problematic? Or is it just a question of improving social cohesion? (Rowlands and Dekket, 2006).
MEASURES TO IMPROVE SOCIAL COHESION are essential. They:
- facilitate communication and networking between groups
- empower residents
- favour attachment to the neighbourhood and shared identity and
- above all, promote effective participation of residents in decision making processes
But they must be accompanied by MEASURES TO REDUCE INEQUALITIES
And it is important to offer more housing options for a greater housing mix. Because policies which:
- see concentrations of poverty as a problem
- promote demolition and gentrification
create even more socially diverse populations (Andersson and Musterd, 2005).
As regards migration, ethnic diversity and neighbourhoods:
Fostering of social cohesion in ethnically-diverse estates
- The large, ethnically mixed estates don’t form a single cohesive community but overlapping communities.
- Future of social cohesion: mutual respect and democratic inclusion.
Filed under: Understanding Social Science | Tagged: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Birmingham, Budapest, diversity, France, gentrification, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Jönköping, Koper, Ljubljana, London, Lyon, Madrid, migration, Milan, neighbourhood, Poland, poverty concentration, Slovenia, social cohesion, Spain, Stockholm, Sweden, The Netherlands, UK, Utrecht, Warsaw |