LIMITS

Project LIMITS 

‘Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities in European Cities: Life-courses and Quality of Life in a World of Limitations’ (Latcheva et al, 2006)

As regards social cohesion:

Aim

The integration of 6 groups of first generation immigrants from different sending countries into 6 cities in 5 European countries: Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden 

Findings

Housing is a key indicator for:

  • quality of life 
  • integration in the receiving country
  • social cohesion
  • urban tension

Housing quality depends a lot on the quality of housing provision in the receiving country.

The housing situation of immigrants has improved over time (Latcheva et al, 2006).

As regards migration, ethnic diversity and neighbourhoods:

(Latcheva et al, 2006)

Aim

Neighbourhood cohesion and social integration

Findings

FACTORS FAVOURING INTEGRATION FACTORS INHIBITING INTEGRATION(especially women and elderly)
  • KNOWLEDGE OF THE LANGUAGE OF THE RECEIVING COUNTRY
  • INVOLVEMENT IN MIGRANT ORGANISATIONS
  • LACK OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE LANGUAGE OF THE RECEIVING COUNTRY
  • LACK OF INVOLVEMENT IN MIGRANT ORGANISATIONS

Project SOCOHO

Project SOCOHO (2001-2003)

Czasny, 2004

As regards social cohesion:

Aim

Relationship between social cohesion problems and housing systems in 6 European countries:  Austria, France, Spain, UK, Sweden, and The Netherlands

Findings

  • EU housing systems are key to maintain social cohesion
  • Growing neoliberalism has a negative impact on cohesion: increases inequalities

 As regards the fragmentation of neighbourhood bonds:

Aim

Link between housing systems and neighbourhood segregation.

Findings

  • Housing provision systems: decisive influence on social and ethnic segregation between neighbourhoods 
  • Changes in housing systems: intensify tendency towards segregation 
  • Social housing policies that offer poor quality housing to the poor (the lower the rent, the lower the quality) and concentrate poverty encourage segregation Social housing policies that achieve a more balanced social mix encourage cohesion