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    Social polarisation, the labour market and economic restructuring in Europe: an urban perspective
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    Swyngedouw and Cook

    Towards a research agenda on Governance, Citizenship and Social Cohesion in Cities
    García, Pradel, Eizaguirre, Martínez and Terrones

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    Dukes and Musterd

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Examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries

These are some examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries 

MOLDOVA

New areas with:

  • no roads
  • no water supply
  • no electricity (or illegally obtained damaging existing lines)
  • no sanitary services (or hospitals at more than 5km)
  • schools even further apart (encouraging premature drop out, and thus, illiteracy)

Lack of physical connectivity + education participation: neighbourhoods spatially and economically cut off from the rest of society (Tsenkova, 2006)   

 ESTONIA

Suburban areas:

  • During communist period: inhabited by lower social status groups.
  • Now: new residential areas only affordable for the wealthiest

 Cities lose their highest tax payers = not enough funds for city management (Kahrik and Tammaru 2006) 

OTHER COUNTRIES

 Bosnia/Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova 

 Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro

 More new construction: guarantees mobility  Very polarized tenure (the rich – the poor)+ high demand= new (often illegal) construction

 

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Experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries

These are some experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries (according to Mandič 2001)

1ST GROUP ASSESSED

(Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia)

2NDGROUP ASSESSED – LARGER!

(Hungary, Lithuania, Croatia, Romania, Slovenia)

Only slightly reduced public housing
  • Marked decrease in public renting  (became residual).  (Cirman, 2008)
  • Homeownership: + 80%     (Tsenkova & Turner, 2004)
  • And not supported by a housing police  (Mandič 2001)