Examples for an appropriate legal and regulatory framework in different Eastern Europe countries

HUNGARY AND SLOVAKIA RUSSIA ALBANIA

(Deda, 2002)

SERBIA
Inherited:

– land registry

– basic banking laws for mortgage execution

Work they did:

They reformed these laws and regulations

They were missing these laws. They created new laws. Weakness of the state over ownership led to vast occupation of land (squatters in Tirana). 2 property systems:

– Austrian (north)

– Turkish Tapijeh (South)

Unclear legal situation: banks have it difficult to register and execute mortgages.

Experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries

These are some experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries (according to Mandič 2001)

1ST GROUP ASSESSED

(Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia)

2NDGROUP ASSESSED – LARGER!

(Hungary, Lithuania, Croatia, Romania, Slovenia)

Only slightly reduced public housing
  • Marked decrease in public renting  (became residual).  (Cirman, 2008)
  • Homeownership: + 80%     (Tsenkova & Turner, 2004)
  • And not supported by a housing police  (Mandič 2001)

RESTATE

Project RESTATE

As regards social cohesion:

Aim

Peripheries built in large, high-density European states, in the early post war period(van Kempen et al 2005). They have social and physical problems. But… Are they really problematic? Or is it just a question of improving social cohesion? (Rowlands and Dekket, 2006).

Findings

MEASURES TO IMPROVE SOCIAL COHESION are essential. They:  

  • facilitate communication and networking between groups
  • empower residents
  • favour attachment to the neighbourhood and shared identity and
  • above all, promote effective participation of residents in decision making processes

 But they must be accompanied by MEASURES TO REDUCE INEQUALITIES  

And it is important to offer more housing options for a greater housing mix. Because policies which:

  • see concentrations of poverty as a problem
  • promote demolition and gentrification 

 create even more socially diverse populations (Andersson and Musterd, 2005).

As regards migration, ethnic diversity and neighbourhoods:

Aim

Fostering of social cohesion in ethnically-diverse estates

Findings

  • The large, ethnically mixed estates don’t form a single cohesive community but overlapping communities.
  •  Future of social cohesion: mutual respect and democratic inclusion.