BETWIXT

Project BETWIXT

As regards social cohesion:

Aim

Precariousness in 7 cities (Flatley & McIntosh, 2000) and the dynamics which:

  • drive households into poverty or
  • allow them to resist

Findings

  • Importance of strong systems of social protection
  •  Employment is not enough to guarantee social inclusion
  •  Good housing and safe neighbourhoods: crucial (Bertaux, Boje & McIntosh, 2002).

As regards neighbourhood, social mix and identity  (Olagnero et al, 2005):

Aim

Neighbourhoods in Ireland (Dublin) and Italy (Turin) may show signs of weak welfare states that rely on family and informal community-based welfare support.

However, there may also be evidence of  the effectiveness of this support, undermined by recent social changes (e.g. more women in the labor market)

Findings

  • Dublin (neighbourhood with concentrated poverty): More social diversity (from gentrification) + new gated communities  (for affluent newcomers) –> undermined the existing neighbourhood bonds and systems of support
  • Turin: Increasing ethnic diversity and ethnic divisions: undermined the attachment of residents to the neighbourhood

LIMITS

Project LIMITS 

‘Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities in European Cities: Life-courses and Quality of Life in a World of Limitations’ (Latcheva et al, 2006)

As regards social cohesion:

Aim

The integration of 6 groups of first generation immigrants from different sending countries into 6 cities in 5 European countries: Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden 

Findings

Housing is a key indicator for:

  • quality of life 
  • integration in the receiving country
  • social cohesion
  • urban tension

Housing quality depends a lot on the quality of housing provision in the receiving country.

The housing situation of immigrants has improved over time (Latcheva et al, 2006).

As regards migration, ethnic diversity and neighbourhoods:

(Latcheva et al, 2006)

Aim

Neighbourhood cohesion and social integration

Findings

FACTORS FAVOURING INTEGRATION FACTORS INHIBITING INTEGRATION(especially women and elderly)
  • KNOWLEDGE OF THE LANGUAGE OF THE RECEIVING COUNTRY
  • INVOLVEMENT IN MIGRANT ORGANISATIONS
  • LACK OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE LANGUAGE OF THE RECEIVING COUNTRY
  • LACK OF INVOLVEMENT IN MIGRANT ORGANISATIONS