Examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries

These are some examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries 


New areas with:

  • no roads
  • no water supply
  • no electricity (or illegally obtained damaging existing lines)
  • no sanitary services (or hospitals at more than 5km)
  • schools even further apart (encouraging premature drop out, and thus, illiteracy)

Lack of physical connectivity + education participation: neighbourhoods spatially and economically cut off from the rest of society (Tsenkova, 2006)   


Suburban areas:

  • During communist period: inhabited by lower social status groups.
  • Now: new residential areas only affordable for the wealthiest

 Cities lose their highest tax payers = not enough funds for city management (Kahrik and Tammaru 2006) 


 Bosnia/Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova 

 Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro

 More new construction: guarantees mobility  Very polarized tenure (the rich – the poor)+ high demand= new (often illegal) construction


Examples for an appropriate legal and regulatory framework in different Eastern Europe countries


(Deda, 2002)


– land registry

– basic banking laws for mortgage execution

Work they did:

They reformed these laws and regulations

They were missing these laws. They created new laws. Weakness of the state over ownership led to vast occupation of land (squatters in Tirana). 2 property systems:

– Austrian (north)

– Turkish Tapijeh (South)

Unclear legal situation: banks have it difficult to register and execute mortgages.