• What are you interested in?

  • En español

  • Learn key terms

    Find definitions for key terms used in this blog in our glossary
  • Do you want more?

    Debates and polls
    Join in current debates in Social Science and vote and check the results of polls about hot topics.

    Talk to the experts
    A space for exchange between the blog's readers and the Social Polis experts. Leave your questions and comments for the authors of the papers.

    Test your knowledge
    Online interactive quizzes to test your knowledge on Social Science.

  • Read the original Social Polis papers

    Social polarisation, the labour market and economic restructuring in Europe: an urban perspective
    Morlicchio and Pratschke

    Housing, Neighbourhood and Health: Research Review
    Cameron, Gilroy and Miciukiewick

    Cities, social cohesion and the environment
    Swyngedouw and Cook

    Towards a research agenda on Governance, Citizenship and Social Cohesion in Cities
    García, Pradel, Eizaguirre, Martínez and Terrones

    Super Diversity, Multiple Identities and Place
    Dukes and Musterd

    If you are interested in reading these papers, contact Social Polis.

  • References

  • Advertisements

Examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries

These are some examples of new construction in different (South) Eastern European countries 


New areas with:

  • no roads
  • no water supply
  • no electricity (or illegally obtained damaging existing lines)
  • no sanitary services (or hospitals at more than 5km)
  • schools even further apart (encouraging premature drop out, and thus, illiteracy)

Lack of physical connectivity + education participation: neighbourhoods spatially and economically cut off from the rest of society (Tsenkova, 2006)   


Suburban areas:

  • During communist period: inhabited by lower social status groups.
  • Now: new residential areas only affordable for the wealthiest

 Cities lose their highest tax payers = not enough funds for city management (Kahrik and Tammaru 2006) 


 Bosnia/Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova 

 Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro

 More new construction: guarantees mobility  Very polarized tenure (the rich – the poor)+ high demand= new (often illegal) construction



Examples for an appropriate legal and regulatory framework in different Eastern Europe countries


(Deda, 2002)


– land registry

– basic banking laws for mortgage execution

Work they did:

They reformed these laws and regulations

They were missing these laws. They created new laws. Weakness of the state over ownership led to vast occupation of land (squatters in Tirana). 2 property systems:

– Austrian (north)

– Turkish Tapijeh (South)

Unclear legal situation: banks have it difficult to register and execute mortgages.