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    Social polarisation, the labour market and economic restructuring in Europe: an urban perspective
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    Cameron, Gilroy and Miciukiewick

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    Swyngedouw and Cook

    Towards a research agenda on Governance, Citizenship and Social Cohesion in Cities
    García, Pradel, Eizaguirre, Martínez and Terrones

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    Dukes and Musterd

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Examples for an appropriate legal and regulatory framework in different Eastern Europe countries


(Deda, 2002)


– land registry

– basic banking laws for mortgage execution

Work they did:

They reformed these laws and regulations

They were missing these laws. They created new laws. Weakness of the state over ownership led to vast occupation of land (squatters in Tirana). 2 property systems:

– Austrian (north)

– Turkish Tapijeh (South)

Unclear legal situation: banks have it difficult to register and execute mortgages.


Experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries

These are some experiences showing the extent of privatisation of public housing in different Eastern Europe countries (according to Mandič 2001)


(Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia)


(Hungary, Lithuania, Croatia, Romania, Slovenia)

Only slightly reduced public housing
  • Marked decrease in public renting  (became residual).  (Cirman, 2008)
  • Homeownership: + 80%     (Tsenkova & Turner, 2004)
  • And not supported by a housing police  (Mandič 2001)